Archive for the ‘Body Image Issues’ Category

why a personal trainer in orange county

January 24, 2007

Here are just a few reasons why you will benefit from Newport coast Personal Training…

Knowledge- Our experienced trainers know how to get YOU in shape fast, don’t leave your fitness up to chance.

Time Is Money – You can try to do it on your own through trial and error, but you maybe wasting a lot of time. Our trainers will have you seeing results faster than you thought possible.

Motivation – Our trainers will keep you focused and on track towards reaching your goals!

Convenience- Getting in shape is easier than ever before, we create your program around your needs, your busy schedule! We can even bring the workouts to you, your home, office or location!

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Newport coast fitness , personal training in Newport Beach

November 1, 2006

Newport Coast Fitness is dedicated to bringing you the finest in personal training. We have been helping our clients achieve their fitness goals for over ten years!

We are so confident you will be happy with our services that if you contact us via E-mail or sign up to our newsletter, we will give you 20% off your first training package!

PERSONAL TRAINING includes resistant training, nutritional guidance, sports drills and posture correction.

BUDDY TRAINING includes everything personal training does but you and a partner share the hour.

Please feel free to contact us at 877-743-8229 or via E-mail with any questions you may have.

Newport coast fitness , personal training in Newport Beach

November 1, 2006

0001-0406-0214-1113_sm.jpgNewport Coast Fitness is dedicated to bringing you the finest in personal training. We have been helping our clients achieve their fitness goals for over ten years!

We are so confident you will be happy with our services that if you contact us via E-mail or sign up to our newsletter, we will give you 20% off your first training package!

PERSONAL TRAINING includes resistant training, nutritional guidance, sports drills and posture correction.

BUDDY TRAINING includes everything personal training does but you and a partner share the hour.

Please feel free to contact us at 877-743-8229 or via E-mail with any questions you may have.

what it takes to be a model

October 10, 2006

What does it take to be a fashion model?

Female fashion models should be somewhere between 15 and 22 years old, although probably closer to fifteen. Models don’t have careers that last as long as for instance, doctors, so agencies tend to invest their time in someone young.

You should be tall, long-legged, and lean. The minimum height is usually about 5’8″, and average weight for a model is 108-125 lbs. These characteristics are partly aesthetic and partly practical: this type of frame looks good on the runway and in front of the camera; and a somewhat scrawny build drapes clothing nicely and ensures a good fit in the standard wardrobe. There are always exceptions to the rule, of course – Kate Moss is 5’7″ and Gabrielle Reece is a giant 6’3″ – but, in general, the closer you are to the industry norm, the better your chances.

Fashion models still tend to be very skinny. Commercial modeling doesn’t require that you be “skinny”. The key is to take care of yourself. Don’t overeat, but do eat well balanced meals and avoid the snacks. Exercise and keep yourself in good shape.

Male fashion models are normally 6′ to 6′ 2″ tall and wear a size 40 regular jacket. Commercial models do not have any height, weight or size restrictions.

olsen and her past eating disorder

October 7, 2006

Mary-Kate Olsen seeks treatment for eating disorder
By C├ęsar G. Soriano, USA TODAY
After months of speculation about her emaciated appearance, Mary-Kate Olsen has entered treatment for an eating disorder, her publicist said Tuesday.

Onlookers noted the rail-thin appearance of Mary-Kate Olsen at the New York Minute premiere in L.A. back in May.
By Chris Polk, AP

Mary-Kate, one-half of the famed Olsen twins, “made a very courageous, precautionary decision,” said Michael Pagnotta, the twins’ longtime publicist. ” Mary-Kate is taking charge in making this decision. She wants to be healthy.”

The brunette actress, who just turned 18, is undergoing treatment at an undisclosed location. Pagnotta could not say what type of eating disorder Mary-Kate has, but Us Weekly, which first reported the rehab news, says it’s anorexia.

Anorexia is characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss.

Pagnotta “categorically denies” rumors that drugs are involved.

Twin sis Ashley is doing fine, Pagnotta says. “Ashley has complete faith in Mary-Kate and has been very supportive of her, as have her family and friends.”

Fans and celeb magazines expressed shock and concern at Mary-Kate’s appearance April 29 at the unveiling of the twins’ star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The whispers grew louder at the May 4 New York premiere of their first big-screen film, New York Minute, which performed poorly at the box office.

During interviews to promote the film, both twins denied that Mary-Kate had an eating disorder and dismissed rumors of drug use.

The twins even joked about tabloid gossip when they hosted Saturday Night Live on May 15. In a skit where they pretended to be paparazzi, they called out to actors playing the twins: “Mary-Kate, you’re so skinny! Eat a sandwich!” and “I hear they get paid in cocaine!”

There’s “a lot of denial” in patients with eating disorders, says Susan Ice, medical director of the Renfrew Center in Philadelphia. “The biggest hurdle is acknowledging a problem.”

Other stars, including Christina Ricci and Jamie-Lynn DiScala, have battled eating disorders.

“Western society has placed demands on women to stay thin,” says Jeanne Rust, executive director of Mirasol, an eating disorder clinic in Tucson. The pressure is even more intense in Hollywood.

The Olsen twins have been in showbiz practically since birth, starring on the TV sitcom Full House when they were 9 months old. Since then, they’ve become superstars among the preteen set. They have their own line of straight-to-video films, books, dolls, video games, fragrances and a Wal-Mart clothing label.

On June 13, the fraternal twins celebrated their 18th birthday by taking control of their empire worth an estimated $300 million. The next day, Ashley was photographed vacationing in Mexico, without Mary-Kate.

Pagnotta says Mary-Kate and Ashley still plan to attend college together at New York

Is eating late at night bad for you

October 7, 2006

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Measuring body images

October 7, 2006

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excessive exercise and eating disorders

October 6, 2006

Body image issues

September 13, 2006

Research: measuring body image
Body image is often measured by asking the subject to rate his or her current and ideal body shape using a series of depictions. The difference between these two values is the amount of body satisfaction. Unfortunately, this method does not take into account the fact that a person might be aware of being under- or overweight and also satisfied with that circumstance. Consequently, an obese person, whose obesity causes him or her no psychological distress, might be rated as “having a poor body image” simply because he or she is aware of being obese.

Numerous studies have been undertaken to study body dissatisfaction in recent years. Typically, the research indicates that 33% of men and 70% of women rate their current figure as at least slightly larger than ideal and that body dissatisfaction among women is much larger than for men. These numbers suggest that U.S. women are more aware of what a healthy body weight is[citation needed], since about two-thirds of Americans are at least somewhat above their healthiest weigh[citation needed]t. Subsequent studies on this issue have justified this idea, as men whose body mass index puts them in the overweight category often think their weight is in the ideal range, and that those who are clinically obese often believe themselves to be merely overweight.

Some research has been undertaken to determine generational differences in body shape preferences by analyzing body size dissatisfaction for children, adolescents, and adults; significant differences between the age groups have been found. The ideal body mass increases as women get older, which in turn decreases the degree of body dissatisfaction. These cohort differences are a confirmation of the recent increase in body dissatisfaction and eating disorders among young women.

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Causes and influences
As clearly evidenced by literature around the world, poor body images have existed at least since the widespread availability of mirrors, but one of the reasons most often cited for this continuing body dissatisfaction among young women is modern media influence, including that from compact disc covers, advertisements, movies, music videos, television, video games, and magazines. Media representatives often reply that they are merely reflecting the ideals of the current generation or using whatever image best sells their products. However, research has shown that the media play a large role in reinforcing, if not actually shaping, rather than simply reflecting, perceptions of the human body. The circular logic introduced by this phenomenon illustrates the difficulty of placing the blame of negative body image on a single source.

The pre-occupation with skinniness is largely, although not entirely, a development of the latter part of the twentieth century, as the perception of women’s body shapes has changed significantly over the past decades. In the early 1940’s it was found that people with thin, ectomorphic bodies were perceived by others as nervous, submissive and socially withdrawn. At that time, the ideal female body was curvy or hourglass-shaped. Before that, in the 1920s, being flat-chested and straight-hipped (a “boyish” figure), although not necessarily particularly thin, was fashionable. By the late 1980’s, this perception had changed, and thin people were considered to be the most appealing. Several researchers have found that the female body depicted in the media has become increasingly thin. Research using bust and hip measurements of Playboy models has shown that between 1960 and 1979, there was a trend towards non-curvaceousness. Fashion in body shape also tracks closely with attitudes about child-bearing: it is less desirable during ‘thin’ eras and more desirable during ‘curvy’ eras.

Changing media and society ideals regarding men and ideal body images can be seen when observing mainstream American films. In the 1960s and 1970s when a man appeared without a shirt (and when the film was not the beach culture), a man appeared skinny: with a less-developed chest and with less musculature in the upper arms. By the 2000s, after the onset of the gym culture the actors in the same sort of roles are well developed upper body musculature.

As the ideal body shape for women became thinner, the dissatisfaction that women have with their body shape increased. In recent years, a number of researchers have found that females are more likely to judge themselves overweight than males. This tendency was strongest in adolescent and young adult women.

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Relationship to psychological disorders
Poor body images can often contribute to the onset of a variety of eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia, and binge eating disorder. Other possible effects of the cultural obsession with looking slender include excessive exercising, fad diets, and lawsuits involving fast food chains.

Concerns with body image have been linked to a decrease in self esteem and an increase in dieting among young women. This latter trend has been identified as an indicator of the onset of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Great body dissatisfaction can also lead to Body dysmorphic disorders, which cover a range of personality disorders where a person is dissatisfied with one’s own body.

On the other hand, having a good body image can be a source of satisfaction to an individual.

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Attractiveness and social issues
Some researchers also found that men judge the female figure they found most attractive as heavier than women’s ratings of the ideal body shape. In contrast, most women, including overweight women, desire men with a very low percentage of body fat, whether they be thin or muscular. This suggests that, contrary to the media focus, men are far more likely to be attracted to larger women than women are to be attracted to larger men.

Additionally, men are also more likely to be unsatisfied with their height, due to a perceived preference in women for men above average height. Men, on the other hand, don’t tend to factor height in when choosing a mate; they’re attracted to short, tall, and everything in between. According to a study “Gender Differences in Body Dysmorphic Disorder” by Katharine A. Phillips and S. Diaz (1997), the most common body areas that cause the most distress among men with body image disorders include skin (58%), head hair (57%), nose (38%), body build (25%), eyes (18%), genitals (15%), legs (14%), chest (12%), and stomach/abs (11%).

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Information on specific minority populations
Most empirical research and statistical data are orientated and tailored toward Caucasian audiences, and some studies have been designed to exclude racially diverse populations. Nonetheless, no race or socioeconomic group should be considered impervious to eating disorders.

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Disambiguation issue
There is another technical use of the term “body image,” which refers to the association of areas of the motor cortex with the voluntrary movement of body members. This is often shown as the motor homunculus depicted by Dr. Wilder Penfield. This image distorts the body according to the areas of the motor cortex associatied with its movements. For example, it shows the thumb as larger than the thigh because the thumb’s movement is much more complex than that of the thigh and thus occupies a larger area of the cortex. The motor homunculus plays a central role in proprioception. This body image is involved in phantom limb phenomena as well as their opposite, as in the case of brain damage resulting in the disappearance of parts of the body from conscious perception.